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IRIS Plus 2017-2: Commercial communications in the AVMSD revision

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Christian Grece, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 09/10/2017

This IRIS Plus analyses the ongoing AVMSD reform in relation to commercial communications: it begins by setting the scene with regard to the market developments that have triggered it; it goes on to look into the foreseen developments in the advertising sector; and then it delves into the currently applicable rules as defined by the current AVMSD, investigating both the general rules for commercial communications on whatever type of audiovisual services and the specific ones applicable to television advertising, teleshopping and product placement, as well as other directives mentioned in the AVMSD.  More


Third-party publication: Derivative use of public domain content — Film industry focus

Authors: Michał Kazimierczak, Franciska Schönherr and Adéla Dvořáková, European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights of EUIPO

Published: 24/08/2017

During the past years, the EUIPO, acting through the European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights, has carried out a number of studies demonstrating the economic importance of IP rights in generating economic activity and employment in the European Union. This study combines data from rich online repositories of film and book related information, complemented with information collected by the European Audiovisual Observatory. Close to 90 000 films released between 2000 and 2010 form the basis for the analysis.  More


IRIS Special 2017-1: Media coverage of elections: the legal framework in Europe

Authors: Maja Cappello (ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 12/07/2017

This report provides an overview of the most recent rules, case-law and policies across Europe with regard to the coverage of elections and referenda in the various media. Looking into broadcasting and print media, as well as the online dimension, it gives an insight into the differing degrees of regulation that political communication is experiencing within the different contexts, and shows – maybe quite surprisingly – that broadcast media remain the most regulated ones (as they remain the most influential), and that social media, despite their increased use by “crooked” politicians, remain substantially unregulated.  More


IRIS Extra 2017-1: Judicial practice on media freedom in Russia: the role of the Supreme Court

Authors: Andrei Richter, Media Academy Bratislava

Published: 17/05/2017

This article of Andrei Richter provides an overview of the way Russian jurisprudence has been influenced by the Supreme Court's interpretative guidelines since their adoption.  More


IRIS Plus 2017-1: Exceptions and limitations to copyright

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 17/05/2017

This IRIS Plus aims at providing a general overview of the rationale and the evolution of the exceptions and limitations to copyright in the numerous international treaties and European directives devoted to this topic, and in the consequent ratifications and implementations at national level. Particular attention is given to the challenges deriving from the digital revolution, such as the adaptations of the rules concerning temporary acts of reproduction, private copying and exceptions for cultural heritage institutions to the online context.  More


IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (edition 2016)

Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory.

Published: 23/03/2017

This revised edition contains summaries of over 250 judgments or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgments or decisions. It can be read in various ways : for initial orientation in the steadily growing Article 10 case-law; for refreshing one’s knowledge of that case-law; for quick reference and checking, as well as for substantive research.  More


IRIS Special 2016 - Media ownership - Market realities and regulatory responses

Authors: Maja Cappello (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 17/01/2017

One of the pillars of freedom of expression in the audiovisual sector is media pluralism. This concept covers, on the one hand, the availability of a variety of choice in the programming of the different media players. On the other hand, it concerns the effective presence of a multitude of operators so as to avoid an excessive concentration of the market.  More


IRIS Plus 2016-3: VOD, platforms and OTT: which promotion obligations for European works?

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Christian Grece, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 11/01/2017

The present issue of IRIS Plus starts with an outlook of the latest market developments, before exploring the regulatory context, and sets out international and European obligations as well as national frameworks. The report then continues considering self- and co-regulatory tools and case-law, and provides an outline of the main aspects of the current reform of the AVMSD in this field.  More


IRIS Plus 2016-2: Audiovisual sports rights – between exclusivity and right to information

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 26/10/2016

The increasing relevance of audiovisual sports rights, especially given this summer’s European football championship and Summer Olympics, has prompted us to carry out a comprehensive exploration of the topic.  More


IRIS Special 2016 - Regional and local broadcasting in Europe

Authors: Maja Cappello (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 17/09/2016

Already when considering the strong differences across the various institutional systems across Europe, the word region” does not have one and only meaning. This is even more true when speaking about media, which do not necessarily reflect administrative structures, but rather give voice to the numerous communities established at any level that is different from the national one. For this reason, when dealing with regional media, we have opted for a large scope and included in our investigation all types of audiovisual media operating at different sub-national levels, both public service and commercial.  More


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