EU legal framework

 

IRIS Plus 2007-4: Safeguarding Human Dignity in the European Audiovisual Sector

Authors: Tarlach McGonagle, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

Published: 01/06/2007

This IRIS plus looks into the legal roots and main elements of human dignity as an important standard for audiovisual media services.  More


IRIS Plus 2007-3: Audiovisual Archives and the Inability to Clear Rights in Orphan Works

Authors: Stef van Gompel, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

Published: 01/04/2007

This article will examine and evaluate solutions which could possibly be introduced at European or national level to overcome the rights clearance issues caused by the orphan works problem.  More


IRIS Special 2007 - The Public Service Broadcasting Culture

Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 01/03/2007

In the recent Report “Public service media in the information society”, commissioned by the Council of Europe, Christian S. Nissen points to a provocative argument in the vibrant discussions about public service broadcasting. He writes that public service media can be seen as a remedy for a market failure inasmuch as the content offered by commercial providers is characterised by a lack of national and cultural diversity, and as such, does not reflect the diversity of European nations and regions. As the author stresses this argument was not the rationale for establishing public broadcasting systems. It might, however, be very relevant for its future.  More


IRIS Plus 2007-2: Broadcasters' Access to Broadcasting Frequencies

Authors: Nicola Weißenborn, Institute of European Media Law (EMR)

Published: 01/03/2007

The aim of this article is to show how broadcasters obtain their frequencies and who lays down the standards for this process: how is spectrum organised, divided up and ultimately distributed? Who decides on the allocation of transmission capacities and how? This article will also look at new approaches and trends in spectrum management.  More


IRIS Special 2006 - Audiovisual Media Services without Frontiers - Implementing the Rules

Authors: Susanne Nikoltchev (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 01/12/2006

Working from the premise that after a revision of the TVwF Directive the rules of the two leading European instruments on broadcasting will be once more re-aligned, this publication seeks to explore the interplay between the Directive and the Convention. It will focus on monitoring and implementation issues that already gave rise to discussions in the past. The revision of the Directive matters only insofar as it may mitigate or intensify existing problems. To be clear, this publication will not deal with the concrete points that might set the two frameworks apart (points, which in any event, only become concrete after the finalisation of the revision of the Directive) until re-alignment takes place.  More


IRIS Plus 2006-5: The Position of Broadcasters and Other Media under "Rome II" Proposed Regulation on the Law Applicable to Non-contractual Obligations

Authors: Mireille van Eechoud, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

Published: 01/11/2006

This IRIS plus explores in full detail the background, objectives and rules of the envisaged "Rome II" Regulation on non-contractual obligations.  More


IRIS Plus 2006-2: Major Events and Reporting Rights

Authors: Max Schoenthal, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

Published: 01/04/2006

Starting with a brief explanation of the various links between major events, media and society, this article describes the provisions of European law on the broadcasting of major events.  More


IRIS Special 2005 - To Have or Not to Have Must-Carry Rules

Authors: Susanne Nikoltchev (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 01/12/2005

Must-carry rules are one string in the regulators' bow regarding their efforts to ensure that all viewers may enjoy a certain basic content package. The establishment of new distribution platforms for television content (mainly cable) seemed to call this aim into question. It was feared that without legislative intervention incoming platform operators might refuse to carry certain programmes or, alternatively, might use exclusivity contracts to take certain programmes away from traditional carriers. Under either scenario, the viewers' choice of platform would have become synonymous with their choice of content and the idea of universal content would have died.  More


IRIS Special 2005 - Tomorrow's Delivery of Audiovisual Services - Legal Questions Raised by Digital Broadcasting and Mobile Reception

Authors: Susanne Nikoltchev (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 01/12/2005

After taking stock of developments on the television market generally, this IRIS Special begins with a description of how digital terrestrial television has developed and the different services that have become possible as a result of digitalisation. It then goes on to look at those aspects of particular importance for digital television such as "must carry" obligations, interoperability, and competition. Finally, it addresses the issues raised by "mobile" TV. This issue of IRIS Special also contains a wealth of information about the basic technical and legal considerations associated with electronic media content services. This should be of interest to anyone who comes into contact with such services, whether in the professional or private sphere.  More


IRIS Plus 2005-3: Advertising Law in the Electronic Media

Authors: Kathrin Berger, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

Published: 01/06/2005

This edition of IRIS plus deals with EC provisions on advertising, which have evolved into a dense network of regulations.  More


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