Regulatory structures


IRIS Special 2010 - The Regulatory Framework for Audiovisual Media Services in Russia

Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 17/02/2010

2009 saw a steady flow of information on the EU’s Audiovisual Media Services Directive and one does not need a crystal ball to predict the next wave of information that will spill over our desks in 2010, be it to tell us about transposition and implementation or about EU enforcement measures. The European Audiovisual Observatory has already analysed some of the core questions that the Directive raises, concentrating especially on those that are likely to continue to trouble legislators, regulators and the industry. As a result, we published in June 2009 the IRIS Special entitled “Ready, Set…Go? – The Audiovisual Media Services Directive”.  More

IRIS Plus 2010-1: Digital Television

Authors: Andrei Richter, Moscow Media Law and Policy Center, and Taras Shevchenko, Media Law Institute, Kiev

Published: 01/02/2010

Imagine turning on your television and not receiving any signal. For an increasing number of television viewers this could have been the case had they not re-equipped themselves for digital television. To mention only the early birds: Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Finland and Sweden completed the transition to digital terrestrial television between 2006 and 2007. Consumers living in these countries had no choice but to follow suit lest they feared to lose what is still one of – if not– the most used audiovisual media service. If everything goes according to the expectation of the EU Commission, almost all EU member states will meet the 2012 EU target for switch-off and, hence, more digital television equipment will find its homes.  More

IRIS Plus 2009-6: The "Telecoms Review": New Impetus for Audiovisual Media?

Authors: Sebastian Schweda, Institute of European Media Law (EMR) Saarbrücken/Brussels

Published: 01/11/2009

This IRIS plus examines the review of the European telecommunications regulatory framework. The lead article is as multilayered as the theme itself. Market regulation, spectrum policy, new distribution methods, interoperability, network neutrality, investment protection, "must-carry" obligations, access to information, fundamental rights, universal services and data protection are just a few key phrases linked to the various aspects of communications regulation.  More

IRIS Special 2009 - Ready, Set … Go?

Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 12/07/2009

The Audiovisual Media Services Directive. If the transposition of the EC Directive were to be compared to a competition, it would be between the national legislatures to see which has produced the best domestic law. Many different yardsticks could be used to measure which law is the “best”, such as the interests of the legislature or of those to whom the provisions are directed, the rights to be protected, the interests of society or – perhaps in first place in the EC context – its benefit for the EC’s internal market. However, the different interests involved are just one aspect of this publication, which also deals with the means of transposing the Directive, that is to say the choice and characteristics of the models selected and the actual steps taken to implement the provisions and subsequently monitor the results. These aspects are also important when it comes to assessing the quality of the domestic law in each case.  More

IRIS Special 2008 - Editorial Responsibility

Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 01/08/2008

Almost exactly twenty years after the adoption of the “Television without Frontiers” Directive, namely on 19 December 2009, the deadline for transposing the Audiovisual Media Service Directive (AVMSD) will expire. In other words, the national rules that so far served to facilitate cross-border television must be adapted or replaced in order to reflect, among others, the widened scope of application of the Community law framework to non-linear services.  More

IRIS Special 2007 - Legal Aspects of Video on Demand

Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 17/12/2007

Whenever a “new” audiovisual service becomes established, questions are inevitably asked about what legal norms govern it and whether those norms take sufficient account of all legitimate needs and interests. As far as video-on-demand (VoD) is concerned, it is clear that the “Television without Frontiers” Directive (89/552/EEC, last amended by Directive 97/36/EC) does not apply.  More

IRIS Plus 2007-5: A Post-Soviet Perspective on Licensing Television and Radio

Authors: Andrei Richter, Moscow Media Law and Policy Center (MMLPC)

Published: 01/08/2007

This IRIS plus gives an overview of the different legal frameworks for licensing broadcasting in countries of the former Soviet Union, which all share the experience of a relatively recent launching of licensing systems.  More

IRIS Special 2003 - Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe

Authors: Susanne Nikoltchev (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 01/12/2003

This publication explains co-regulation, offers current examples of its use and discusses possible areas in which it may be applied. It describes the characteristics and legal requirements of co-regulation, as well as the chances and risks associated with it.  More

IRIS Plus 2003-5: Horizontal Rating of Audiovisual Content in Europe. An Alternative to Multi-level Classification?

Authors: Carmen Palzer, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken / Brussels

Published: 01/10/2003

This article discusses the horizontal rating of audiovisual content in Europe and rounds off our series on various aspects of "horizontal regulation".  More

IRIS Plus 2003-1: New European Rules for the Communications Sector

Authors: Nico van Eijk, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

Published: 01/02/2003

This article analyses the new EU framework for the communications sector, exploring several of the provisions that are more directly relevant for the audiovisual sector.  More

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