Third-party publication: The tax-based funding of the Finnish public service broadcaster Yle

Authors: Marina Österlund-Karinkanta, Yle

Published: 16/08/2016

As of 1 January 2013 a public broadcasting tax, the Yle tax, replaced the television (licence) fee as the source of funding for the Finnish public service broadcaster, Yle. This article describes the new funding model and how it has worked during its 3 ½ years so far. It is an innovative tax model built on and designed to suit the specific circumstances in Finland, with the aim of safeguarding Yle’s independence and the long-term development of its content services.  More

IRIS Extra 2016-2: Public service media in Transcaucasian countries

Authors: Ekaterina Abashina, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Published: 13/07/2016

After detailing the context with some historical notes on their respective media markets and regulatory frameworks, the author discusses the statute of the governing bodies, the financing of PSB, and the appointment procedures of Board members. She then analyses their programming policies and their adaptation to the requirements set by the international organisations of which they are members. Each country is examined individually, with systematic cross-references and a comparative overview of similarities and differences between the three systems.  More

IRIS Plus 2016-2: Audiovisual sports rights – between exclusivity and right to information

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 08/07/2016

The increasing relevance of audiovisual sports rights, especially given this summer’s European football championship and Summer Olympics, has prompted us to carry out a comprehensive exploration of the topic.  More

IRIS Plus 2016-1: On-demand services and the material scope of the AVMSD

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 03/06/2016

Providers of VoD services originate from almost all links of the audiovisual value chain. They come from the traditional worlds of television channels and telecom operators, but also from film producers and distributors, content aggregators, video sharing platforms and even from audiovisual archives and public support funds. This complexity brings together business models with new actors and new roles, also in addition to the provision of new services and new consumption habits.  More

Analysis of the implementation of the provisions contained in the AVMSD concerning the protection of minors

Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 21/04/2016

This report examines the issue of protection of minors in the EU28 and looks specifically at the implementation approaches of the AVMS Directive with regard to the following aspects concerning the protection of minors in audiovisual media services: classification systems; definitions of harmful content; tools and systems used by broadcasters and platform operators to support the protection of minors; and studies carried out in the field in the member states.  More

Workshop - The grey areas between media regulation and data protection

Published: 03/02/2016

Workshop organised by the European Audiovisual Observatory and the European Platform of Regulatory Authorities European Youth Centre, Strasbourg - 11 December 2015  More

IRIS Bonus 2015-4: Annotated bibliography on territoriality and its impact on the financing of audiovisual works

Authors: Maja Cappello (ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 01/02/2016

This annotated bibliography aims at completing the IRIS Plus on “Territoriality and its impact on the financing of audiovisual works” with a basic gateway to the most recent reference documentation available on the internet.  More

IRIS Bonus 2015-3: Public service media remit in 40 European countries

Authors: Marie Anne-Carole Josephine, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 26/10/2015

The following tables provide an overview of the definition of the public service remit in the 40 countries that are members to the Observatory, and indicate the adopting bodies, the concerned broadcasters, the legal sources defining the remit, with mention of the specific articles, and the links to the texts in their original language and in English translation where available.  More

IRIS Plus 2015-2: Territoriality and its impact on the financing of audiovisual works

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Christian Grece, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Published: 11/09/2015

This report aims to interpret the results of previous research in the light of the concept of territoriality. It focuses in parallel on copyright and media regulation, in order to take a closer look at the impact of the two leading concepts of “territoriality of copyright” and “country of origin” on the financing of audiovisual works in the digital single market, offering insights both into business contractual practices and the investment obligations of the different operators of the value chain.  More

IRIS Plus 2015-1: The protection of minors in a converged media environment

Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Sophie Valais (European Audiovisual Observatory) & Amélie Lépinard (Jurist)

Published: 11/06/2015

This publication concentrates on the protection of minors from harmful editorial content delivered over electronic communication networks.  More

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