This IRIS plus gives an overview of the different legal frameworks for licensing broadcasting in countries of the former Soviet Union, which all share the experience of a relatively recent launching of licensing systems.
This publication explains co-regulation, offers current examples of its use and discusses possible areas in which it may be applied. It describes the characteristics and legal requirements of co-regulation, as well as the chances and risks associated with it.
IRIS Plus 2003-5: Horizontal Rating of Audiovisual Content in Europe. An Alternative to Multi-level Classification?
This article discusses the horizontal rating of audiovisual content in Europe and rounds off our series on various aspects of "horizontal regulation".
This article analyses the new EU framework for the communications sector, exploring several of the provisions that are more directly relevant for the audiovisual sector.
IRIS Special 2002 - Jurisdiction over Broadcasters in Europe - Report on a Round-table Discussion & Selection of Background Materials
What are the remaining difficulties in determining jurisdiction? What disputes were brought before the courts and how have they been solved? What clarifications should be made to European legislation? The workshop aimed to penetrate the many facets of these questions and to fuel the discussion...
IRIS Plus 2002-5: Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe: The Potential for Practice of an Intangible Idea
This article picks up the trail begun by the earlier IRIS plus article, "Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe: European Provisions for the Establishment of Co-Regulation Frameworks". Drawing extensively on the discussions held at a workshop on the topic "Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe", the...
IRIS Plus 2002-3: Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe: European Provisions for the Establishment of Co-regulation Frameworks
This article discusses the role that co-regulation plays in the audiovisual media, focusing on European Union and Council of Europe provisions that need to be implemented through national legislation. The European legal framework for co-regulation is primarily described using the example of the...
IRIS Plus 2002-1: Media Supervision on the Threshold of the 21st Century What are the Requirements of Broadcasting, Telecommunications and Concentration Regulation?
The following article is based on the ideas that were brought to a workshop held by the European Audiovisual Observatory and the Institute of European Media Law (EMR).
IRIS Plus 2001-4: Media supervision on the threshold of the 21st century - structure and powers of regulatory authorities in the era of convergence
In this edition of IRIS plus, the Observatory addresses current concerns surrounding the adaptation of regulatory mechanisms to the emergence of new media.
This edition of IRIS plus deals with electronic conditional access systems and their function as gateways to digital services.