The Department for Legal Information analyses key legal issues linked to the audiovisual sector and reports on major legal developments and ground breaking cases which affect media legislation in Europe.


Mapping of the regulation and assessment of the nationality of European audiovisual works


Nationality is key for eligibility both to financing through film funds and for investment and share obligations of public and private AVMS providers. This mapping report aims to provide a complete picture of the legal frameworks and current practices in the EU to define the nationality of AV works.

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IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (2020 edition)

30/04/2020 Authors: Dirk Voorhoof, Human Rights Centre, Ghent University and Legal Human Academy Ad van Loon, Charlotte Vier and Ronan Ó Fathaigh

This revised edition contains summaries of over 300 judgements or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgements or decisions. The summaries included in the e-book can be retrieved from our legal database, IRIS Merlin.

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IRIS Plus 2019-3: Territoriality and financing of audiovisual works: latest developments

28/01/2020 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais European Audiovisual Observatory

This publication focuses in parallel on copyright and media regulation in order to take a closer look at the impact of the two leading concepts of “territoriality of copyright” and “country of origin” on the financing of audiovisual works in the digital single market.

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Workshop - Artificial Intelligence in the audiovisual industry

17/12/2019 Strasbourg, France

In the audiovisual industry, as in other sectors, the increasing use of AI is likely to announce a paradigm shift. The EAO decided to take a closer look at these effects and devoted its annual workshop in December to discussing the opportunities and challenges raised by AI in the audiovisual sector.

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IRIS Special 2019-2: Self- and co-regulation in the new AVMSD

06/12/2019 Authors (in alphabetical order) Amedeo Arena, Mark D. Cole, Jan Henrich, Bernardo Herman, Pascal Kamina, Susanne Lackner, Michèle Ledger, Roberto Mastroianni, Gabor Polyak, Andrej Školkay, Jörg Ukrow, Krzysztof Wojciechowski

This publication aims to analyse the system of self- and co-regulation provided for in the revised AVMSD.

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IRIS Plus 2019-2: Release windows in Europe: a matter of time

06/11/2019 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

This latest report clarifies the current release windows situation in Europe by providing a thorough analysis of the system and the economic and legal rationale on which it is based.

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IRIS Special 2019-1: The independence of media regulatory authorities in Europe

26/09/2019 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.). European Audiovisual Observatory

This IRIS Special aims to advance understanding of the ways in which the revised AVMSD may have an impact on current legislation and practices.

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IRIS Extra 2019-1: Disinformation in the media under Russian law

18/07/2019 Author: Andrei Richter

This article provides an overview of the legislation and case law concerning disinformation in the Russian Federation.

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IRIS Plus 2019-1: The promotion of independent audiovisual production in Europe

17/05/2019 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

This publication aims at providing an overview of many relevant issues concerning the independent production of films and audiovisual works in Europe, including market figures, international and national rules, inter-professional agreements and case law.

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Mapping of film and audiovisual public funding criteria in the EU


This latest mapping report tracks over 800 schemes of public national/federal and regional film and audiovisual funds in the EU in order to provide the big picture of film funding criteria in Europe today.

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