IRIS Plus 2017-2: Commercial communications in the AVMSD revision

09/10/2017 Author: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Christian Grece, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

As technology grows, so too do highly technologically influenced markets such as the audiovisual market. Already at the time of publishing the IRIS Special on “New forms of commercial communications in a converged audiovisual sector” at the end of 2014 the claim for this report was: “Who’s afraid...

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IRIS Special 2017: Media coverage of elections: the legal framework in Europe

12/07/2017 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

This report provides an overview of the most recent rules, case-law and policies across Europe with regard to the coverage of elections and referenda in the various media. Looking into broadcasting and print media, as well as the online dimension, it gives an insight into the differing degrees of...

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IRIS Special 2016 - Media ownership - Market realities and regulatory responses

17/01/2017 Authors: Maja Cappello (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

One of the pillars of freedom of expression in the audiovisual sector is media pluralism. This concept covers, on the one hand, the availability of a variety of choice in the programming of the different media players. On the other hand, it concerns the effective presence of a multitude of...

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IRIS Plus 2016-1: On-demand services and the material scope of the AVMSD

03/06/2016 Author: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Providers of VoD services originate from almost all links of the audiovisual value chain. They come from the traditional worlds of television channels and telecom operators, but also from film producers and distributors, content aggregators, video sharing platforms and even from audiovisual...

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IRIS Extra 2015-1: Regulation of online content in the Russian Federation

09/04/2015 Authors: Andrei Richter (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Journalism) and Anya Richter (University of Pennsylvania, School of Law)

This report analyses the regulation of online content in the Russian Federation.

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IRIS Plus 2013-3: Converged Media: Same Content, Different Laws?

01/06/2013 Author: Alexander Scheuer, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

Convergence is no longer a future vision but can be experienced in the here and now. At least, this is true for those among us who possess a smart TV and manage to use its full technical potential. At the same time, media professionals never tire of pointing to the fact (and to supporting...

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IRIS Themes - Vol. II - Freedom of Expression and the Media: Standard-setting by the Council of Europe (II) Parliamentary Assembly

01/12/2011 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory

This e-book provides valuable insights into the work of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) on freedom of expression and the media. It summarises the many positions adopted by the PACE since June 1995 in no less than 49 official documents designed to guide the member states...

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IRIS Themes - Vol. I - Freedom of Expression and the Media: Standard-setting by the Council of Europe (I) Committee of Ministers

01/12/2011 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory

This e-book provides valuable insights into the work of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on freedom of expression and the media. It summarises the many principles and normative requirements adopted by the Council since November 1994 in no less than 57 official documents...

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IRIS Plus 2010-3: Product Placement

01/05/2010 Authors: Christina Angelopoulos, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

There are areas of law that are so complex that legislators evidently find it hard to get to grips with them, and one of these areas is presumably product placement. The starting-point for the harmonisation of national solutions, which was the aim of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive...

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IRIS Plus 2008-5: Audiovisual Media Services and the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive

01/08/2008 Authors: Jan Kabel, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

Consumer interests take a prominent place in the law of audiovisual media services. This IRIS plus explains to what extent and why. It also tells its readers how the general legal principles relate to media-specific legislation.

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