In the public interest
IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (2023 edition)
This revised 8th edition contains summaries of over 378 judgements or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgements or decisions. The summaries included in the e-book can be retrieved from our legal database, IRIS Merlin.
IRIS Special 2022-2: Prominence of European works and of services of general interest
The proposal for a European Media Freedom Act
This note presents the main lines of the EMFA proposal – European legislation currently in preparation.
IRIS Plus 2022-3: User empowerment against disinformation online
This new report examines the various tools to empower today’s media users to be able to deal with disinformation.
IRIS Plus 2022-2: Investing in European works: the obligations on VOD providers
This report by the European Audiovisual Observatory describes the rules concerning financial obligations for VoD services in the EU with a close look to the national transposition of the AVMS Directive. (This is an updated version of the report originally published on 18/05/2022)
IRIS Special 2022-1: New actors and risks in online advertising
This new report provides a detailed examination of the current legal framework regulating online advertising.
IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (2022 edition)
This revised edition contains summaries of over 360 judgements or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgements or decisions. The summaries included in the e-book can be retrieved from our legal database, IRIS Merlin.
The implementation of EU sanctions against RT and Sputnik
This note explains the European legal background for suspension of the broadcasting of RT and Sputnik in the EU.
Overview tables of governance safeguards of PSM in Europe
This annex to the IRIS Plus 2022-01 provides overview tables on independence safeguards for governance of public service media in the 41 Observatory member states.
IRIS Plus 2022-1: Governance and independence of public service media
This new report looks at the various aspects of governance of public service media and its role in safeguarding the independence of PSM.