IRIS Special 2018-1 Media reporting: facts, nothing but facts?

05/10/2018 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.). European Audiovisual Observatory

This report provides an overview of how the principles of accuracy, objectivity and fairness in news and current affairs reporting are regulated at European and national level, as well as how they are applied by European media organisations.

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IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (edition 2017)

31/12/2017 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory.

This revised edition contains summaries of over 250 judgments or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgments or decisions. The summaries included in the e-book have been reported in IRIS – Legal Observations of the European Audiovisual...

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IRIS Special 2016: Media ownership - Market realities and regulatory responses

17/01/2017 Authors: Maja Cappello (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

One of the pillars of freedom of expression in the audiovisual sector is media pluralism. This concept covers, on the one hand, the availability of a variety of choice in the programming of the different media players. On the other hand, it concerns the effective presence of a multitude of...

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IRIS Plus 2013-5: Audiovisual Heritage 2.0

12/12/2013 Authors: Catherine Jasserand, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

The destruction of the Library of Alexandria is a symbol of knowledge lost forever. Although the facts about this historical event are not entirely clear, the myth of a centralised source of knowledge ravaged by the flames remains in the collective conscience as a reminder of the fragility of...

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IRIS Plus 2013-3: Converged Media: Same Content, Different Laws?

01/06/2013 Author: Alexander Scheuer, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

Convergence is no longer a future vision but can be experienced in the here and now. At least, this is true for those among us who possess a smart TV and manage to use its full technical potential. At the same time, media professionals never tire of pointing to the fact (and to supporting...

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IRIS Plus 2013-1: The Digital Switchover

01/02/2013 Authors: Andrei Richter, Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University

The European Commission's report on the telecommunications market and regulatory development (see also IRIS 2012-9/8) describes, among other things, the current status of the introduction of digital television in the EU member states. According to section 5.3.2 of the report, at the time of...

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IRIS Plus 2012-5: Must-carry: Renaissance or Reformation?

01/09/2012 Authors: Nico van Eijk and Bart van der Sloot, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

On 11 July 2012, the Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale per il Lazio, an Italian administrative court in Rome decided on a case involving the Italian public service broadcaster RAI (TAR Lazio Decision n. 6320). It found RAI guilty of having violated its charter by encrypting its free-to-air TV...

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IRIS Themes - Vol. II - Freedom of Expression and the Media: Standard-setting by the Council of Europe (II) Parliamentary Assembly

01/12/2011 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory

This e-book provides valuable insights into the work of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) on freedom of expression and the media. It summarises the many positions adopted by the PACE since June 1995 in no less than 49 official documents designed to guide the member states...

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IRIS Themes - Vol. I - Freedom of Expression and the Media: Standard-setting by the Council of Europe (I) Committee of Ministers

01/12/2011 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory

This e-book provides valuable insights into the work of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on freedom of expression and the media. It summarises the many principles and normative requirements adopted by the Council since November 1994 in no less than 57 official documents...

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IRIS Plus 2011-5: Why Discuss Network Neutrality?

01/09/2011 Authors: Nico van Eijk, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam

The freedom to receive and impart information is guaranteed by Article 10 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of the Council of Europe. As is the case for exercising other fundamental freedoms, the mere recognition of the freedom of expression does not...

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