IRIS Special 2018-1 Media reporting: facts, nothing but facts?

05/10/2018 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.). European Audiovisual Observatory

This report provides an overview of how the principles of accuracy, objectivity and fairness in news and current affairs reporting are regulated at European and national level, as well as how they are applied by European media organisations.

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IRIS Special 2017-2: Journalism and media privilege

23/02/2018 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

The report provides an overview of the most recent rules, case law and policies across Europe with regard to the privileges that are given to journalists when exercising their activities.

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IRIS Plus 2017-2: Commercial communications in the AVMSD revision

09/10/2017 Author: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Christian Grece, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

This report analyses the ongoing AVMSD reform in relation to commercial communications.

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IRIS Special 2017: Media coverage of elections: the legal framework in Europe

12/07/2017 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

This report provides an overview of the most recent rules, case-law and policies across Europe with regard to the coverage of elections and referenda in the various media. Looking into broadcasting and print media, as well as the online dimension, it gives an insight into the differing degrees of...

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IRIS Plus 2016-3: VOD, platforms and OTT: which promotion obligations for European works?

11/01/2017 Author: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Christian Grece, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

The present issue of IRIS Plus starts with an outlook of the latest market developments, before exploring the regulatory context, and sets out international and European obligations as well as national frameworks. The report then continues considering self- and co-regulatory tools and case-law,...

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IRIS Plus 2016-2: Audiovisual sports rights – between exclusivity and right to information

26/10/2016 Author: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

The increasing relevance of audiovisual sports rights, especially given this summer’s European football championship and Summer Olympics, has prompted us to carry out a comprehensive exploration of the topic.

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IRIS Special 2016: Regional and local broadcasting in Europe

17/09/2016 Author: Maja Cappello (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Already when considering the strong differences across the various institutional systems across Europe, the word region” does not have one and only meaning. This is even more true when speaking about media, which do not necessarily reflect administrative structures, but rather give voice to the...

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IRIS Extra 2016-2: Public service media in Transcaucasian countries

13/07/2016 Authors: Ekaterina Abashina, Lomonosov Moscow State University

After detailing the context with some historical notes on their respective media markets and regulatory frameworks, the author discusses the statute of the governing bodies, the financing of PSB, and the appointment procedures of Board members. She then analyses their programming policies and...

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IRIS Plus 2016-1: On-demand services and the material scope of the AVMSD

03/06/2016 Author: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Providers of VoD services originate from almost all links of the audiovisual value chain. They come from the traditional worlds of television channels and telecom operators, but also from film producers and distributors, content aggregators, video sharing platforms and even from audiovisual...

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IRIS Special 2015: Smart TV and data protection

01/03/2016 Author: Maja Cappello (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

A man walks through a shopping centre. His eyes are flashed by a multitude of cameras equipped with eye-recognition software. Immediately the shop windows start to show on flashy screens advertising specially tailored to him.

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