IRIS Plus 2013-3: Converged Media: Same Content, Different Laws?

01/06/2013 Author: Alexander Scheuer, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

Convergence is no longer a future vision but can be experienced in the here and now. At least, this is true for those among us who possess a smart TV and manage to use its full technical potential. At the same time, media professionals never tire of pointing to the fact (and to supporting...

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IRIS Plus 2013-1: The Digital Switchover

01/02/2013 Authors: Andrei Richter, Faculty of Journalism, Moscow State University

The European Commission's report on the telecommunications market and regulatory development (see also IRIS 2012-9/8) describes, among other things, the current status of the introduction of digital television in the EU member states. According to section 5.3.2 of the report, at the time of...

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IRIS Special 2012 - Converged Markets - Converged Power? Regulation and Case Law

17/12/2012 Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Eleven years ago, the European Audiovisual Observatory published the IRIS Special entitled “Television and Media Concentration”. Back then it still seemed meaningful to restrict the publication to the regulation of traditional forms of concentration in the broadcasting sector and, to this end,...

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IRIS Plus 2012-6: Protection of Minors and Audiovisual Content On-Demand

01/11/2012 Authors: Alexander Scheuer and Cristina Bachmeier, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

On-demand services with audiovisual content are continuing to be more and more popular among users. One of the world's best known platforms is no doubt YouTube, which, according to Matthew Glotzbach, the company's EMEA Managing Director, currently has 800 million users a month who upload 72 hours...

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IRIS Plus 2012-5: Must-carry: Renaissance or Reformation?

01/09/2012 Authors: Nico van Eijk and Bart van der Sloot, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

On 11 July 2012, the Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale per il Lazio, an Italian administrative court in Rome decided on a case involving the Italian public service broadcaster RAI (TAR Lazio Decision n. 6320). It found RAI guilty of having violated its charter by encrypting its free-to-air TV...

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IRIS Plus 2012-4: Exclusive Rights and Short Reporting

01/06/2012 Authors: Peter Matzneller, Institute for European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

2012 is often called a year of sports as both the Euro 2012 football championships and the Olympic Games will be held. Of course, there will be or have been world championships in other sports, such as the biathlon, ski flying, figure skating, indoor athletics, table tennis, windsurfing,...

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IRIS Plus 2012-2: The Lifespan for Copyright of Audiovisual Works

01/03/2012 Authors: Christina Angelopoulos, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

Intellectual property rights are one of the tools, if not the tool for rewarding and stimulating creativity. They are attached to many assets which form part of our cultural heritage but which cannot be tagged physically as personal property, as could be, for example, paintings or sculptures....

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IRIS Themes - Vol. II - Freedom of Expression and the Media: Standard-setting by the Council of Europe (II) Parliamentary Assembly

01/12/2011 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory

This e-book provides valuable insights into the work of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) on freedom of expression and the media. It summarises the many positions adopted by the PACE since June 1995 in no less than 49 official documents designed to guide the member states...

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IRIS Themes - Vol. I - Freedom of Expression and the Media: Standard-setting by the Council of Europe (I) Committee of Ministers

01/12/2011 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory

This e-book provides valuable insights into the work of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on freedom of expression and the media. It summarises the many principles and normative requirements adopted by the Council since November 1994 in no less than 57 official documents...

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IRIS Plus 2011-6: Limits to the Use of Personal Data

01/10/2011 Authors: Alexander Scheuer and Sebastian Schweda, Institute for European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

At the end of September, Facebook announced a plan to extend their service in order to, as it stated, enable users to create a “Life Archive” and thus offer an unlimited number of “friends” all the details and events of their own lives at the click of a mouse. Who would have thought twenty years...

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