IRIS Plus 2011-4: Who Pays for Private Copying?

01/06/2011 Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, European Audiovisual Observatory

Triangular relationships are not only a challenge in human life but also in legal settings. In the case of private copying levies, the three points of the triangle are the creators of works, legally acting copyists and copyright pirates. Their interaction is to some extent, and possibly not suffi...

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IRIS Plus 2010-6: Switchover to the Digital Dividend

01/12/2010 Authors: David Korteweg & Tarlach McGonagle, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam

Like Siamese twins, the switchover to digital television is inseparable from the spectrum liberated as a result of the process. The twin of the switchover is called digital dividend. If we look closer at these twins, we realize that they are non-identical, as far as at least one important point...

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IRIS Plus 2010-5: New Services and Protection of Broadcasters in Copyright Law

01/10/2010 Authors: Anne Yliniva-Hoffmann/Peter Matzneller, Institute for European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

A European Audiovisual Observatory publication had already investigated one aspect of the debate in autumn 2004. In IRIS plus “The Legal Protection of Broadcast Signals”, Lucie Guibault and Roy Melzer described in detail current provisions for the international protection of broadcast signals....

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IRIS Plus 2010-1: Digital Television

01/02/2010 Authors: Andrei Richter, Moscow Media Law and Policy Center, and Taras Shevchenko, Media Law Institute, Kiev

Imagine turning on your television and not receiving any signal. For an increasing number of television viewers this could have been the case had they not re-equipped themselves for digital television. To mention only the early birds: Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Finland and Sweden completed the...

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IRIS Plus 2009-5: SatCab Revisited: The Past, Present and Future of the Satellite and Cable Directive

01/08/2009 Authors: Prof. P. Bernt Hugenholtz, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

In this article, Bernt Hugenholtz explores not only the history, goals and application of the Satellite and Cable Directive but also the question of how its future might look like.

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IRIS Plus 2009-3: An Introduction to Music Rights for Film and Television Production

01/05/2009 Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, European Audiovisual Observatory

More often than one might expect, basic issues concerning music rights are unknown territory for producers of music works, film composers and musicians. Reading this IRIS plus is a first step towards understanding the complex legal matter.

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IRIS Plus 2009-2: Filtering the Internet for Copyrighted Content in Europe

01/03/2009 Authors: Christina Angelopoulos, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

One issue that has been frequently discussed in the IRIS plus series is the unauthorised supply of copyright protected works via the Internet. The resulting threat of copyright infringements could, at least partly, be prevented through the use of Internet filters, an option that forms the subject...

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IRIS Plus 2009-1: The Legal Status of the Producer of Audiovisual Works in the Russian Federation

01/02/2009 Authors: Dmitry Golovanov, Moscow Media Law and Policy Centre

This IRIS plus describes important rules of Russian copyright law, focusing on the legal status of the producer of audiovisual works.

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IRIS Plus 2008-6: Progress in the Must-offer Debate? Exclusivity in Media and Communication

01/10/2008 Authors: Alexander Scheuer/Sebastian Schweda, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

This IRIS plus looks at the various dimensions of exclusivity in media and communication. This IRIS plus considers the current debate on whether the obligation to transmit (must-carry) certain content should be replaced or at least supplemented by an obligation to offer such content (must-offer)....

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IRIS Plus 2008-3: User-Generated Content Services and Copyright

01/05/2008 Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, European Audiovisual Observatory

This IRIS plus looks at the EU and US American copyright framework concerning UGC and how it has translated into case law. Suspecting that neither the pending revision of the relevant EU e-commerce Directive nor further court decisions might settle the matter entirely, the article also explores...

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