IRIS Special 2017-1: Media coverage of elections: the legal framework in Europe

12/07/2017 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

This report provides an overview of the most recent rules, case-law and policies across Europe with regard to the coverage of elections and referenda in the various media. Looking into broadcasting and print media, as well as the online dimension, it gives an insight into the differing degrees of...

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IRIS Extra 2017-1: Judicial practice on media freedom in Russia: the role of the Supreme Court

17/05/2017 Authors: Andrei Richter, Media Academy Bratislava

This article of Andrei Richter provides an overview of the way Russian jurisprudence has been influenced by the Supreme Court's interpretative guidelines since their adoption.

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Mapping of media literacy practices and actions in EU-28


This study aims at analysing the various media literacy initiatives on a national or regional level in order to provide an overview of what is currently being undertaken. This is the first major mapping exercise to survey the field in Europe.

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IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (edition 2017)

31/12/2017 Authors: European Audiovisual Observatory.

This revised edition contains summaries of over 250 judgments or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgments or decisions. The summaries included in the e-book have been reported in IRIS – Legal Observations of the European Audiovisual...

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IRIS Plus 2016-2: Audiovisual sports rights – between exclusivity and right to information

26/10/2016 Author: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

The increasing relevance of audiovisual sports rights, especially given this summer’s European football championship and Summer Olympics, has prompted us to carry out a comprehensive exploration of the topic.

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Analysis of the implementation of the provisions contained in the AVMSD concerning the protection of minors

21/04/2016 Author: European Audiovisual Observatory

This report examines the issue of protection of minors in the EU28 and looks specifically at the implementation approaches of the AVMS Directive with regard to the following aspects concerning the protection of minors in audiovisual media services: classification systems; definitions of harmful...

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Workshop - The grey areas between media regulation and data protection

11/12/2015 Strasbourg (France)

As part of their long-lasting collaboration, the European Audiovisual Observatory (OBS) and the European Platform of Regulatory Authorities (EPRA) jointly organised in Strasbourg on 11 December 2015 a workshop on “The grey areas between media regulation and data protection”....

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IRIS Bonus 2015-3: Public service media remit in 40 European countries

26/10/2015 Authors: Marie Anne-Carole Josephine, European Audiovisual Observatory

The following tables provide an overview of the definition of the public service remit in the 40 countries that are members to the Observatory, and indicate the adopting bodies, the concerned broadcasters, the legal sources defining the remit, with mention of the specific articles, and the links...

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IRIS Special 2015-1: Online activities of public service media: remit and financing

15/10/2015 Author: Maja Cappello (ed.). European Audiovisual Observatory

This report tackles issues such as the definition of a public service media, current funding models for broadcasting or indeed the pertinence and practicability of a public value test for New Media services of public service media.

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IRIS Plus 2015-1: The protection of minors in a converged media environment

11/06/2015 Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Sophie Valais (European Audiovisual Observatory) & Amélie Lépinard (Jurist)

This publication concentrates on the protection of minors from harmful editorial content delivered over electronic communication networks.

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