In the public interest
IRIS Plus 2005-1: Access to Information on Government Action, especially from the Media Point of View
Taking into consideration the citizen's direct and indirect avenues to information, this IRIS plus outlines the right of accessing information as enshrined in international and European law as well as guaranteed on a national level.
This IRIS Special examines the significant issue of whether the media should be doing what they are able to do when it comes to political debate.
IRIS Special 2004 - Regulating Access to Digital Television - Technical Bottlenecks, Vertically-integrated Markets and New Forms of Media Concentration
Every single aspect of digital television is affected by the question of access control: the compilation and preparation of content to be transported; the transmission and reception of content (encrypted or not), including the necessary technical devices; content bundling; programme selection...
This edition of IRIS plus looks at how different countries deal with the protection of cinematographic heritage in Europe and what initiatives have been taken in this area at European level.
The main theme of this IRIS plus is the regulatory approach to the questions of exclusivity and the content of sports programmes – matters of prime commercial importance to broadcasting organisations.
Questions concerning the basic principles, origins, ownership, sale and acquisition of rights to sports events are uppermost in a whole range of related legal issues, which are tackled in this edition of IRIS plus. However, legislative provisions on broadcasting, dissemination and content are...
This IRIS plus considers whether - and if so, how – the use of minority languages in broadcasting is protected and promoted. It investigates the examples of Ireland, Latvia, Poland, Russia and Ukraine. This IRIS plus also contains information about the international legal framework which aims to...
This publication explains co-regulation, offers current examples of its use and discusses possible areas in which it may be applied. It describes the characteristics and legal requirements of co-regulation, as well as the chances and risks associated with it.
IRIS Plus 2003-5: Horizontal Rating of Audiovisual Content in Europe. An Alternative to Multi-level Classification?
This article discusses the horizontal rating of audiovisual content in Europe and rounds off our series on various aspects of "horizontal regulation".
This edition of IRIS plus describes systematically the areas where public film support and the WTO regulatory framework intertwine. The article concentrates on the compatibility of European film support policy with the GATT and GATS rules.