In the public interest
IRIS Plus 2003-5: Horizontal Rating of Audiovisual Content in Europe. An Alternative to Multi-level Classification?
This article discusses the horizontal rating of audiovisual content in Europe and rounds off our series on various aspects of "horizontal regulation".
This edition of IRIS plus describes systematically the areas where public film support and the WTO regulatory framework intertwine. The article concentrates on the compatibility of European film support policy with the GATT and GATS rules.
This article analyses the new EU framework for the communications sector, exploring several of the provisions that are more directly relevant for the audiovisual sector.
IRIS Plus 2002-5: Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe: The Potential for Practice of an Intangible Idea
This article picks up the trail begun by the earlier IRIS plus article, "Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe: European Provisions for the Establishment of Co-Regulation Frameworks". Drawing extensively on the discussions held at a workshop on the topic "Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe", the...
IRIS Plus 2002-1: Media Supervision on the Threshold of the 21st Century What are the Requirements of Broadcasting, Telecommunications and Concentration Regulation?
The following article is based on the ideas that were brought to a workshop held by the European Audiovisual Observatory and the Institute of European Media Law (EMR).
IRIS Special 2001 - Television and Media Concentration - Regulatory Models on the National and the European Level
This book is intended first and foremost to contribute to a better understanding of the variety of legal problems and regulations that are relevant to limiting concentrations of power in the medium of television.
IRIS Plus 2001-4: Media supervision on the threshold of the 21st century - structure and powers of regulatory authorities in the era of convergence
In this edition of IRIS plus, the Observatory addresses current concerns surrounding the adaptation of regulatory mechanisms to the emergence of new media.
This edition of IRIS plus deals with electronic conditional access systems and their function as gateways to digital services.