The Department for Legal Information analyses key legal issues linked to the audiovisual sector and reports on major legal developments and ground breaking cases which affect media legislation in Europe.


IRIS Extra 2020: Foreign agents in Russian media law

22/12/2020 AUTHOR: ANDREI RICHTER, Comenius University, Bratislava

How does Russian media law deal with media outlets owned by non-Russian players? This latest IRIS Extra report delves into foreign ownership of the media in Russia and the provisions for this in Russian audiovisual legislation.

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IRIS Special 2020-1: Media pluralism and competition issues


This IRIS Special 2020-1 report contributes to the debate on the relationship between safeguarding media pluralism and effective competition in the age of digitisation and globalisation, especially with regard to new diversity-relevant phenomena in the digital platform economy.

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IRIS Plus 2020-2: The European audiovisual industry in the time of COVID-19

22/06/2020 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Léa Chochon, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

With its comparative analysis of approaches taken in the context of the COVID-19 crisis, this IRIS Plus helps the reader understand the diversity of approaches, interests, and measures taken across the film and audiovisual sector, and the diversity of the bodies taking them.

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IRIS Plus 2020-1: Copyright licensing rules in the EU

30/07/2020 Authors in alphabetical order: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

The application of copyright rules attached to audiovisual works and their exploitation along the value chain are becoming increasingly complex. This new and very timely copyright report provides a pathfinder’s thread through European copyright rules.

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Mapping of the regulation and assessment of the nationality of European audiovisual works

19/06/2020 AUTHORS (IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER): Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais, European Audiovisual Observatory

Nationality is key for eligibility both to financing through film funds and for investment and share obligations of public and private AVMS providers. This mapping report aims to provide a complete picture of the legal frameworks and current practices in the EU to define the nationality of AV works.

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IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (2020 edition)

30/04/2020 Authors: Dirk Voorhoof, Human Rights Centre, Ghent University and Legal Human Academy Ad van Loon, Charlotte Vier and Ronan Ó Fathaigh

This revised edition contains summaries of over 300 judgements or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgements or decisions. The summaries included in the e-book can be retrieved from our legal database, IRIS Merlin.

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IRIS Plus 2019-3: Territoriality and financing of audiovisual works: latest developments

28/01/2020 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais European Audiovisual Observatory

This publication focuses in parallel on copyright and media regulation in order to take a closer look at the impact of the two leading concepts of “territoriality of copyright” and “country of origin” on the financing of audiovisual works in the digital single market.

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Workshop - Artificial Intelligence in the audiovisual industry

17/12/2019 Strasbourg, France

In the audiovisual industry, as in other sectors, the increasing use of AI is likely to announce a paradigm shift. The EAO decided to take a closer look at these effects and devoted its annual workshop in December to discussing the opportunities and challenges raised by AI in the audiovisual sector.

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IRIS Special 2019-2: Self- and co-regulation in the new AVMSD

06/12/2019 Authors (in alphabetical order) Amedeo Arena, Mark D. Cole, Jan Henrich, Bernardo Herman, Pascal Kamina, Susanne Lackner, Michèle Ledger, Roberto Mastroianni, Gabor Polyak, Andrej Školkay, Jörg Ukrow, Krzysztof Wojciechowski

This publication aims to analyse the system of self- and co-regulation provided for in the revised AVMSD.

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IRIS Plus 2019-2: Release windows in Europe: a matter of time

06/11/2019 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

This latest report clarifies the current release windows situation in Europe by providing a thorough analysis of the system and the economic and legal rationale on which it is based.

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