What are search engines really? How, if at all, are they regulated? Why would they come under regulation? How do they compare to other technological means that we use in the process of asking for and receiving information electronically? These are questions tackled by this IRIS plus article,...
IRIS Special 2005: Tomorrow's Delivery of Audiovisual Services - Legal Questions Raised by Digital Broadcasting and Mobile Reception
After taking stock of developments on the television market generally, this IRIS Special begins with a description of how digital terrestrial television has developed and the different services that have become possible as a result of digitalisation. It then goes on to look at those aspects of...
This publication explains co-regulation, offers current examples of its use and discusses possible areas in which it may be applied. It describes the characteristics and legal requirements of co-regulation, as well as the chances and risks associated with it.
IRIS Plus 2002-4: In Search of Lost Rightsholders: Clearing Video-on-Demand Rights for European Audiovisual Works
This article investigates the conflict between copyright protection and new ways of exploiting audiovisual works. The key role that collecting societies might play and the need for corresponding legal provisions are discussed in particular.
In 2000, our IRIS Focus featured an article that reported on a first wave of lawsuits related to online offers of audio files (see IRIS 2000-8: 14, "MP3: Fair or Unfair Use?"). This IRIS plus supplements our earlier article by focusing on the new legal questions as well raised as their factual...
This issue of IRIS plus provides another part of the jigsaw on the theme of the convergence of the audiovisual media.
IRIS Plus 2001-4: Media supervision on the threshold of the 21st century - structure and powers of regulatory authorities in the era of convergence
In this edition of IRIS plus, the Observatory addresses current concerns surrounding the adaptation of regulatory mechanisms to the emergence of new media.
This edition of IRIS Plus focuses, in particular, on an overview of the definition of "broadcasting" and "new media services" provided for in the current European legal framework.
The following contribution informs on the situation in the field of copyright and related rights in the year 2000. It focuses on the then applicable regulation and ongoing developments concerning WIPO and the EC.