Overview tables - Promotion of European works


This annex to the IRIS Plus 2022-02 provides information, sources and links on the transposition of Articles 13, 16 and 17 of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive in EU, EFTA and the UK.

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The implementation of EU sanctions against RT and Sputnik


This note explains the European legal background for suspension of the broadcasting of RT and Sputnik in the EU.

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Overview tables of governance safeguards of PSM in Europe

22/02/2022 AUTHORS (IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER): Erva Akin Kun, Amélie Lacourt, Justine Radel and Julio Talavera

This annex to the IRIS Plus 2022-01 provides overview tables on independence safeguards for governance of public service media in the 41 Observatory member states.

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Post-Brexit rules for the European audiovisual sector


From 1 January 2021 the relations between the UK and the European Union are governed by a Trade and Cooperation Agreement, as a result of the deal that was reached in the very last days of 2020. These new rules will affect every economic sector, including the audiovisual.

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Notification obligations for state aid concerning audiovisual works in the EU

10/05/2018 European Audiovisual Observatory

Article 108(3) TFEU says the Commission must be notified in time for it to submit its comments, of any plans to grant or alter aid. In 2014, the revised General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER) considerably extended the scope of exemptions from prior notification of state aid granted to companies.

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Third-party publication: Derivative use of public domain content — Film industry focus

24/08/2017 Authors: Michał Kazimierczak, Franciska Schönherr and Adéla Dvořáková, European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights of EUIPO

During the past years, the EUIPO, acting through the European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights, has carried out a number of studies demonstrating the economic importance of IP rights in generating economic activity and employment in the European Union. This study...

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Third-party publication: The tax-based funding of the Finnish public service broadcaster Yle

16/08/2016 Authors: Marina Österlund-Karinkanta, Yle

As of 1 January 2013 a public broadcasting tax, the Yle tax, replaced the television (licence) fee as the source of funding for the Finnish public service broadcaster, Yle. This article describes the new funding model and how it has worked during its 3 ½ years so far. It is an innovative tax...

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La protection des mineurs dans le domaine des médias en République tchèque

01/12/2012 Authors: Evelýna Dreiseitlová, Observatoire européen de l'audiovisuel

[This text is only available in French] Le présent article aborde le thème de la protection des mineurs dans le domaine des médias en République tchèque en deux parties : la première partie concerne le domaine de la télédiffusion et des services de médias audiovisuels à la demande en y incluant...

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Media and Protection of Minors in France - TV and Cinema

26/06/2012 Authors: Mathias Grenier, European Audiovisual Observatory

This article describes the French regulation on the protection of minors concerning cinematographic and other audiovisual productions.

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The Protection of Children from Harmful Effects of Films in the United States

26/06/2012 Authors: Jonathan Perl, Media Center, New York Law School

This article describes the regulation on the protection of minors concerning cinematographic and other audiovisual productions in the United States.

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