The proposal for a European Media Freedom Act
This note presents the main lines of the EMFA proposal – European legislation currently in preparation.
Overview tables - Promotion of European works
This annex to the IRIS Plus 2022-02 provides information, sources and links on the transposition of Articles 13, 16 and 17 of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive in EU, EFTA and the UK.
The implementation of EU sanctions against RT and Sputnik
This note explains the European legal background for suspension of the broadcasting of RT and Sputnik in the EU.
Overview tables of governance safeguards of PSM in Europe
This annex to the IRIS Plus 2022-01 provides overview tables on independence safeguards for governance of public service media in the 41 Observatory member states.
Post-Brexit rules for the European audiovisual sector
From 1 January 2021 the relations between the UK and the European Union are governed by a Trade and Cooperation Agreement, as a result of the deal that was reached in the very last days of 2020. These new rules will affect every economic sector, including the audiovisual.
Notification obligations for state aid concerning audiovisual works in the EU
Article 108(3) TFEU says the Commission must be notified in time for it to submit its comments, of any plans to grant or alter aid. In 2014, the revised General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER) considerably extended the scope of exemptions from prior notification of state aid granted to companies.
Third-party publication: Derivative use of public domain content — Film industry focus
During the past years, the EUIPO, acting through the European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights, has carried out a number of studies demonstrating the economic importance of IP rights in generating economic activity and employment in the European Union. This study...
Third-party publication: The tax-based funding of the Finnish public service broadcaster Yle
As of 1 January 2013 a public broadcasting tax, the Yle tax, replaced the television (licence) fee as the source of funding for the Finnish public service broadcaster, Yle. This article describes the new funding model and how it has worked during its 3 ½ years so far. It is an innovative tax...
La protection des mineurs dans le domaine des médias en République tchèque
[This text is only available in French] Le présent article aborde le thème de la protection des mineurs dans le domaine des médias en République tchèque en deux parties : la première partie concerne le domaine de la télédiffusion et des services de médias audiovisuels à la demande en y incluant...
Media and Protection of Minors in France - TV and Cinema
This article describes the French regulation on the protection of minors concerning cinematographic and other audiovisual productions.