Must-carry rules are one string in the regulators' bow regarding their efforts to ensure that all viewers may enjoy a certain basic content package. The establishment of new distribution platforms for television content (mainly cable) seemed to call this aim into question. It was feared that...
IRIS Special 2005 - Tomorrow's Delivery of Audiovisual Services - Legal Questions Raised by Digital Broadcasting and Mobile Reception
After taking stock of developments on the television market generally, this IRIS Special begins with a description of how digital terrestrial television has developed and the different services that have become possible as a result of digitalisation. It then goes on to look at those aspects of...
IRIS Plus 2005-5: Application of EC Competition Policy regarding Agreements and State Aid in the Audiovisual Field
This IRIS plus links up to the earlier IRIS plus 2003-6 on "European Public Film Support within the WTO Framework" in that both articles examine the double nature of audiovisual goods and services and its impact on supranational regulation.
This IRIS plus deals with DRM from the consumer's perspective in an effort to enhance people's understanding of this aspect of DRM.
This edition of IRIS plus deals with EC provisions on advertising, which have evolved into a dense network of regulations.
IRIS Plus 2005-2: Regulation of Advertising in the Broadcasting Sector in Countries of the Former USSR
This IRIS plus describes the development of radio and TV advertising regulations in the former USSR states and the current situation of advertising law in these countries.
IRIS Plus 2005-1: Access to Information on Government Action, especially from the Media Point of View
Taking into consideration the citizen's direct and indirect avenues to information, this IRIS plus outlines the right of accessing information as enshrined in international and European law as well as guaranteed on a national level.
This Digital Television Glossary was commissioned by the Observatory from the Institute of European Media Law (EMR) with a view to creating this IRIS Special and in preparation of the workshop. Concretely, we asked for a description of the functioning of digital television and – in parallel to...
This IRIS Special examines the significant issue of whether the media should be doing what they are able to do when it comes to political debate.
IRIS Special 2004 - Regulating Access to Digital Television - Technical Bottlenecks, Vertically-integrated Markets and New Forms of Media Concentration
Every single aspect of digital television is affected by the question of access control: the compilation and preparation of content to be transported; the transmission and reception of content (encrypted or not), including the necessary technical devices; content bundling; programme selection...