IRIS Special 2014 - New forms of commercial communications in a converged audiovisual sector

02/12/2014 Authors: Maja Cappello (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Going convergent implies several challenges for companies, users, policy makers and regulators, especially when it comes to the multiple facets of commercial communication in the online environment. The steady growth of new on-demand services in a context where most users tend to claim that...

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IRIS Plus 2014-3: Enabling Access to the Media for All

02/12/2014 Authors: Cristina Bachmeier, Institute for European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

When it comes to barriers to accessing information and to culture for people with disabilities, the concept becomes immediately multifaceted. Depending on how content as such is conceived, whether it is a library with stairs before an entrance door or an immaterial file requiring the command of...

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IRIS Plus 2014-2: Media in the Courtroom

01/09/2014 Authors: Andrei Richter, Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University

The model of separation of powers (legislature, executive and judiciary) in its different declinations forms the basis for the political structure of most democratic states in the world. Not formally one of these powers, the press is nevertheless often called “the Fourth Estate” or “the fourth...

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IRIS Plus 2014-1: The new Cinema Communication

01/09/2014 Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez & Amélie Lépinard, European Audiovisual Observatory

Younger generations nowadays take the existence of the European Union for granted. Today’s European adolescents were born into the European Union, so to speak, but it is a very recent development if we take into consideration the history of Europe as a whole. It is an organisation that was not...

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IRIS Plus 2013-6: How Private is Personal Data?

01/05/2014 Authors: Dr Martin Rupp and Mag. Peter Matzneller, Institute for European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

There is an uneasy relationship between copyright and data protection, the main reason being that the legal rules governing both these areas are based on a potentially conflicting idea. There is a clash of objectives between copyright law and data protection law, but this does not immediately...

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IRIS Special 2014 - Video on Demand and the Promotion of European Works

12/01/2014 Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

Europe has a strong tradition of promoting European works, which generally speaking we Europeans regard as an important part of our culture and which we are traditionally ready to defend against blockbusters and to foster in the name of cultural diversity. The promotion of European works is at...

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IRIS Plus 2013-5: Audiovisual Heritage 2.0

12/12/2013 Authors: Catherine Jasserand, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

The destruction of the Library of Alexandria is a symbol of knowledge lost forever. Although the facts about this historical event are not entirely clear, the myth of a centralised source of knowledge ravaged by the flames remains in the collective conscience as a reminder of the fragility of...

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IRIS Plus 2013-4: What Is an On-demand Service?

01/09/2013 Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, European Audiovisual Observatory

Few songwriters have captured the presentiment of change as Bob Dylan in his song "The Times They Are A-Changin'". Although written in a very particular period of the twentieth Century, its message is universal and therefore can be applied to virtually any moment in time. Indeed, the fight...

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IRIS Plus 2013-3: Converged Media: Same Content, Different Laws?

01/06/2013 Author: Alexander Scheuer, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

Convergence is no longer a future vision but can be experienced in the here and now. At least, this is true for those among us who possess a smart TV and manage to use its full technical potential. At the same time, media professionals never tire of pointing to the fact (and to supporting...

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IRIS Plus 2013-2: Open Journalism

01/04/2013 Authors: Tarlach McGonagle, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam

Publish and be damned? The Duke of Wellington's famous phrase could be used to describe the challenges for regulators dealing with the complex legal issues surrounding open journalism. In the age of Internet and the smart phone, we are ALL potentially journalists capable of generating copy, sound...

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