IRIS Plus 2011-6: Limits to the Use of Personal Data

01/10/2011 Authors: Alexander Scheuer and Sebastian Schweda, Institute for European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

At the end of September, Facebook announced a plan to extend their service in order to, as it stated, enable users to create a “Life Archive” and thus offer an unlimited number of “friends” all the details and events of their own lives at the click of a mouse. Who would have thought twenty years...

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IRIS Plus 2011-5: Why Discuss Network Neutrality?

01/09/2011 Authors: Nico van Eijk, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam

The freedom to receive and impart information is guaranteed by Article 10 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of the Council of Europe. As is the case for exercising other fundamental freedoms, the mere recognition of the freedom of expression does not...

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IRIS Plus 2011-4: Who Pays for Private Copying?

01/06/2011 Authors: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, European Audiovisual Observatory

Triangular relationships are not only a challenge in human life but also in legal settings. In the case of private copying levies, the three points of the triangle are the creators of works, legally acting copyists and copyright pirates. Their interaction is to some extent, and possibly not suffi...

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IRIS Plus 2011-3: Media Literacy

01/05/2011 Authors: Tarlach McGonagle, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam

Continuous learning is a well established concept to guarantee that graduation from school or university does not mark the end of studying the subjects related to one’s profession. The more an area of knowledge is apt to change the bigger the need to stay on one’s toes. Training on the job is...

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IRIS Plus 2011-2: An Insight into Selected Film Funding Systems

01/04/2011 Authors: Christian M. Bron and Peter Matzneller, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

Film aid is not only designed to promote creativity, but it can also be remarkably creative itself in terms of the way it is organised. This is presumably linked to the fact that the definition of common film aid objectives, such as the protection and promotion of cultural diversity and identity...

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IRIS Plus 2011-1: A Landmark for Mass Media in Russia

06/02/2011 Authors: Andrei Richter, Moscow Media Law and Policy Centre

When on 15 June 2010 the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation adopted Resolution No. 16 “On the Judicial Practice Related to the Statute of the Russian Federation ‘On the Mass Media’”, the first international voice applauding this step was that of Dunja Mijatovic, the OSCE Representative on...

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IRIS Special 2010 - Digitisation and Online Exploitation of Broadcasters' Archives

02/12/2010 Authors: Susanne NIKOLTCHEV (Ed.), European Audiovisual Observatory

On 5 November 2010, Commissioner Neelie Kroes spoke – not for the first time – on the opportunities that digitisation of cultural works offer to artists, the general public, the question of cultural diversity and Europe as such.1 Forward looking, she pointed out that the variety of copyright laws...

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IRIS Plus 2010-6: Switchover to the Digital Dividend

01/12/2010 Authors: David Korteweg & Tarlach McGonagle, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam

Like Siamese twins, the switchover to digital television is inseparable from the spectrum liberated as a result of the process. The twin of the switchover is called digital dividend. If we look closer at these twins, we realize that they are non-identical, as far as at least one important point...

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IRIS Plus 2010-5: New Services and Protection of Broadcasters in Copyright Law

01/10/2010 Authors: Anne Yliniva-Hoffmann/Peter Matzneller, Institute for European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

A European Audiovisual Observatory publication had already investigated one aspect of the debate in autumn 2004. In IRIS plus “The Legal Protection of Broadcast Signals”, Lucie Guibault and Roy Melzer described in detail current provisions for the international protection of broadcast signals....

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IRIS Plus 2010-4: Public Service Media: Money for Content

01/06/2010 Authors: Christian M. Bron, Institute of European Media Law (EMR), Saarbrücken/Brussels

There have been many public statements on the funding of public service broadcasting and the expectations associated with it. As far as the European Union is concerned, mention might be made of the Communication from the Commission of 27 October 2009 on the application of state aid rules to...

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