The Department for Legal Information analyses key legal issues linked to the audiovisual sector and reports on major legal developments and ground breaking cases which affect media legislation in Europe.


IRIS Extra 2021: Regulation of social media in Russia

29/09/2021 AUTHOR: ANDREI RICHTER, Comenius University, Bratislava

How does Russia regulate social media platforms? Read our latest report and find out!

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IRIS Bonus 2021-1: Reports on diversity and inclusion in the European audiovisual sector - an overview 

06/07/2021 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

Intended as a free working tool to accompany the reading of the IRIS Plus on “Diversity and inclusion in the audiovisual sector” this IRIS Bonus is the result of the desk research done for the preparation of the IRIS Plus and the preliminary workshop for the analysis of the topic.

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IRIS Plus 2021-1: Diversity and inclusion in the audiovisual sector

08/07/2021 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

This publication aims at presenting the variety of measures in place with regard to diversity and inclusion in a non-comprehensive way - in a way which not only illustrates all the good work that has been done in recent years, but which also highlights shortcomings and challenges for the future.

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IRIS Themes - Vol. III - Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists. Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (2021 edition)


This revised edition contains summaries of over 339 judgements or decisions by the Court and provides hyperlinks to the full text of each of the summarised judgements or decisions. The summaries included in the e-book can be retrieved from our legal database, IRIS Merlin.

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Post-Brexit rules for the European audiovisual sector


From 1 January 2021 the relations between the UK and the European Union are governed by a Trade and Cooperation Agreement, as a result of the deal that was reached in the very last days of 2020. These new rules will affect every economic sector, including the audiovisual.

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IRIS Special 2020-2: Artificial intelligence in the audiovisual sector

20/01/2021 Authors (in alphabetical order): Mira Burri, Sarah Eskens, Kelsey Farish, Giancarlo Frosio, Riccardo Guidotti, Atte Jääskeläinen, Andrea Pin, Justina Raižytė

In the audiovisual industry, as in other sectors, the increasing use of artificial intelligence is likely to herald a paradigm shift, as it can transform the entire value chain. This new report discusses the opportunities and challenges raised by AI in this sector.

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IRIS Extra 2020: Foreign agents in Russian media law

22/12/2020 AUTHOR: ANDREI RICHTER, Comenius University, Bratislava

How does Russian media law deal with media outlets owned by non-Russian players? This latest IRIS Extra report delves into foreign ownership of the media in Russia and the provisions for this in Russian audiovisual legislation.

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IRIS Special 2020-1: Media pluralism and competition issues


This IRIS Special 2020-1 report contributes to the debate on the relationship between safeguarding media pluralism and effective competition in the age of digitisation and globalisation, especially with regard to new diversity-relevant phenomena in the digital platform economy.

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IRIS Plus 2020-2: The European audiovisual industry in the time of COVID-19

22/06/2020 Authors (in alphabetical order) Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Léa Chochon, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

With its comparative analysis of approaches taken in the context of the COVID-19 crisis, this IRIS Plus helps the reader understand the diversity of approaches, interests, and measures taken across the film and audiovisual sector, and the diversity of the bodies taking them.

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IRIS Plus 2020-1: Copyright licensing rules in the EU

30/07/2020 Authors in alphabetical order: Francisco Javier Cabrera Blázquez, Maja Cappello, Gilles Fontaine, Julio Talavera Milla, Sophie Valais

The application of copyright rules attached to audiovisual works and their exploitation along the value chain are becoming increasingly complex. This new and very timely copyright report provides a pathfinder’s thread through European copyright rules.

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