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44 000 European films and over 12 650 European TV seasons are currently available on 462 VOD services in Europe

European TV content data now freely available for the first time in the European Audiovisual Observatory’s LUMIERE VOD database
Strasbourg, France 02 February 2021
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44 000 European films and over 12 650 European TV seasons are currently available on 462 VOD services in Europe

The Observatory is, for the first time, including television content (series and TV films) in its LUMIERE VOD database. This data is freely available in the database.

This free access directory is supported by European Commission’s Creative Europe programme.

Access LUMIERE VOD free here

Data from LUMIERE VOD on TV content (for 46 European countries and analysed in November 2020) shows: 

  • The British animation series ‘Peppa Pig’ (season 1) was the top TV title present in VOD catalogues in Europe. This series also represented the oldest content in our list of top 20 TV seasons
  • The TV series with the largest number of available seasons were two British classics: quiz show ‘Have I got news for you’ (60 seasons) and soap ‘Coronation Street’ (59 seasons)
  • The oldest TV content available was David Attenborough’s ‘Zoo Quest’ series, from 1954
  • The United Kingdom was the main provider and exporter of TV content as it produced half of all European TV seasons available on VOD in Europe
  • Although 60% of TV content was less than 10 years old, the average year of production of all TV seasons found on VOD in Europe was 1987

A new update of the European Audiovisual Observatory’s LUMIERE VOD, the European works directory provides data on the availability of 44 000 European film titles and over 12 650 TV seasons (TV content is analysed at season level; one TV title corresponds to one TV season which was produced or minority co-produced by countries of the European Union and Council of Europe). The content analysed in the report figures in 462 different VOD catalogues (138 TVOD and 324 SVOD catalogues) in 46 European countries, representing 446 800 film presences and 65 100 TV season presences on VOD at the end of November 2020 (the notion of a ‘presence’ means that if season 1 of a given series is found in 27 catalogues in Europe, this is counted as 27 presences). 

Highlights and Insights

1. Availability of European TV content in VOD catalogues – origin and co-productions

1.1. Origin of unique TV seasons by first European production country

A total of 12 659 unique European TV seasons were available on VOD in Europe, and of these 12 309 had a European country as main producer. The United Kingdom (44%), Germany (17%), France (9%) and Spain (6%) together provided the majority of all available European TV titles on VOD.

1.2. Share of co-productions in the number of European TV titles

Only 12% of all European TV content available were co-productions, which is significantly lower than for films (30%). But when looking only at majority European productions, the share of co productions lowers even more to 9%. 
The main secondary co-production countries are the United States and Canada, but if we look only at European minority co-producers, Germany, France, and the United Kingdom are the main partners in co production.

2. Presence of European TV content in VOD catalogues – Focus on the actual presence of 65 100 European TV seasons

2.1. European TV seasons with the most presence on VOD services

British titles dominated the top 20 European TV seasons most found in the 462 VOD catalogues analysed, with half of the titles being produced by or co-produced with the United Kingdom.  Almost half of the top 20 titles were animation (9/20) and Denmark provided 20% of the top 20 titles with four seasons of the same animated series.

The average year of production was 2011 (2012 when looking only at animation titles) and the number 1 title by number of catalogues was also the oldest in the top 20.

2.2. Main production countries of European TV content by presence on VOD

The United Kingdom provided half of the European TV content presences on VOD in Europe at the end of November 2020. Together with Germany (16%) and France (9%), the three countries provided the majority (76%) of TV content available. 
The top providing countries did not correspond to the top 5 European production countries, with Sweden and Denmark providing more TV content than Italy. Scandinavia is traditionally an exporter of TV content and Sweden and Denmark together provided 5% of all TV seasons counted.
With the United Kingdom, the other non EU27 countries (but members of the Council of Europe) on the top producing countries list were Russia, Turkey, and Norway.

2.3. Mastering the circulation of European TV content

When looking at the capacity of making TV titles available on VOD services (how many catalogues are reached on average by each title) the most successful countries in proportion were smaller production capacity countries. On the other hand, strong producing countries such as France, Germany, Italy, or Spain had more difficulties in making their TV content circulate on European VOD. Finally, the United Kingdom managed to increase its dominance in unique TV seasons (44% of titles) and in TV content presence, reaching 51% of the total available offer and proving the comparatively higher circulation of British titles. 

2.4. Main services and catalogues

While TVOD services Amazon, iTunes and Maxdome offer the highest average number of European TV seasons in the countries they are available, Netflix and Amazon Prime Video are SVOD pan European players offering on average 597 and 290 European TV seasons in their country catalogues respectively.


  • Data on VOD catalogues are for 46 European countries[1], representing all 27 Member States of the European Union and an additional 19 Member States of the Council of Europe.
  • LUMIERE VOD is supported by the European Commission’s Creative Europe MEDIA Programme.
  • The data on the presence of European content on VOD catalogues in Europe for LUMIERE VOD was obtained through our main partnership with JustWatch and participation of Amazon, Chili, EUROVOD, Filmtoro, Netflix and la Pantalla Digital.

[1] AD        AL           AM          AT           AZ           BA           BE           BG           CY           CZ           DE           DK           EE

  ES          FI             FR            GB           GE           GR           HR           HU           IE             IS             IT             LI             LT

  LU         LV           MC          MD         ME          MK          MT          NL           NO          PL           PT           RO          RS 

  RU         SE            SI             SK           SM          TR           UA


A spotlight on the new Digital Services Act Package A spotlight on the new Digital Services Act Package

In 2019, the European Commission launched the process for the adoption of a comprehensive regulatory package, the so-called Digital Services Act package (DSA).
Two new Regulation proposals were published on 15 December 2020 and aim at modernising the current legal framework for digital services. At a key point in the discussions on this new legislative framework, we are organising a series of webinars dealing with specific topics, where the areas of interplay between the DSA package and existing regulatory instruments may appear more complex in order to help pave the way for a structured exchange among stakeholders, with the Observatory team acting as facilitator for the discussion.

 You can register to take part here.

An initial introductory conference took place on 11 February. Here’s the film of this first conference: The new Digital Services Act Package: a paradigm shift?

See below for the themes of the various webinars.

A series of webinars A series of webinars
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  • on the presence of 41 550 European film titles 
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This free access directory is supported by European Commission’s Creative Europe programme.


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