In the public interest
IRIS Special 2004 - Regulating Access to Digital Television - Technical Bottlenecks, Vertically-integrated Markets and New Forms of Media Concentration
Every single aspect of digital television is affected by the question of access control: the compilation and preparation of content to be transported; the transmission and reception of content (encrypted or not), including the necessary technical devices; content bundling; programme selection...
This edition of IRIS plus looks at how different countries deal with the protection of cinematographic heritage in Europe and what initiatives have been taken in this area at European level.
The main theme of this IRIS plus is the regulatory approach to the questions of exclusivity and the content of sports programmes – matters of prime commercial importance to broadcasting organisations.
Questions concerning the basic principles, origins, ownership, sale and acquisition of rights to sports events are uppermost in a whole range of related legal issues, which are tackled in this edition of IRIS plus. However, legislative provisions on broadcasting, dissemination and content are...
This IRIS plus considers whether - and if so, how – the use of minority languages in broadcasting is protected and promoted. It investigates the examples of Ireland, Latvia, Poland, Russia and Ukraine. This IRIS plus also contains information about the international legal framework which aims to...
This publication explains co-regulation, offers current examples of its use and discusses possible areas in which it may be applied. It describes the characteristics and legal requirements of co-regulation, as well as the chances and risks associated with it.
IRIS Plus 2003-5: Horizontal Rating of Audiovisual Content in Europe. An Alternative to Multi-level Classification?
This article discusses the horizontal rating of audiovisual content in Europe and rounds off our series on various aspects of "horizontal regulation".
This edition of IRIS plus describes systematically the areas where public film support and the WTO regulatory framework intertwine. The article concentrates on the compatibility of European film support policy with the GATT and GATS rules.
This article analyses the new EU framework for the communications sector, exploring several of the provisions that are more directly relevant for the audiovisual sector.
IRIS Plus 2002-5: Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe: The Potential for Practice of an Intangible Idea
This article picks up the trail begun by the earlier IRIS plus article, "Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe: European Provisions for the Establishment of Co-Regulation Frameworks". Drawing extensively on the discussions held at a workshop on the topic "Co-Regulation of the Media in Europe", the...