The publications in the IRIS Special series tackle current issues in media law and related legal fields.
The themes covered are of direct practical relevance and are explored with academic rigour. The particular value of the IRIS Special series lies in its international approach or the comparison of different legal systems as the case may be. Recognised as a reliable source of information, the series has a track record of supplying both the audiovisual industry and also legislators and other decision makers at national and European level with highly useful data, overviews, ideas and analyses. The European Audiovisual Observatory publishes one or two IRIS Specials annually. Depending on their theme, they each contain 50-150 pages. In many cases, background material – standard-setting legal texts for example – is included.
- All published issues are available for free in PDF format (see below).
- Print versions, may be purchased from the Council of Europe online shop at cost price.
IRIS Special 2022-2: Prominence of European works and of services of general interest
IRIS Special 2022-1: New actors and risks in online advertising
This new report provides a detailed examination of the current legal framework regulating online advertising.
IRIS Special 2021-2: Transparency of media ownership
This publication aims at providing some clarity about how the transparency of media ownership is regulated in Europe.
IRIS Special 2021-1: Unravelling the Digital Services Act Package
A state-of-the-art analysis of how European media legislation proposes to deal with the challenges of regulating online content and those who provide digital services – in the shape of the Digital Services Act Package.
IRIS Special 2020-2: Artificial intelligence in the audiovisual sector
In the audiovisual industry, as in other sectors, the increasing use of artificial intelligence is likely to herald a paradigm shift, as it can transform the entire value chain. This new report discusses the opportunities and challenges raised by AI in this sector.
IRIS Special 2020-1: Media pluralism and competition issues
This IRIS Special 2020-1 report contributes to the debate on the relationship between safeguarding media pluralism and effective competition in the age of digitisation and globalisation, especially with regard to new diversity-relevant phenomena in the digital platform economy.
IRIS Special 2019-2: Self- and co-regulation in the new AVMSD
This publication aims to analyse the system of self- and co-regulation provided for in the revised AVMSD.
IRIS Special 2019-1: The independence of media regulatory authorities in Europe
This IRIS Special aims to advance understanding of the ways in which the revised AVMSD may have an impact on current legislation and practices.
IRIS Special 2018-2: Media law enforcement without frontiers
This report provides an in-depth overview of relevant issues, from the challenges of law enforcement in the online environment to the scope of intervention of competent public bodies concerning cross-border activities and the practices of regulatory authorities.
IRIS Special 2018-1: Media reporting: facts, nothing but facts?
This report provides an overview of how the principles of accuracy, objectivity and fairness in news and current affairs reporting are regulated at European and national level, as well as how they are applied by European media organisations.